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How to perform Dog CPR

You find your dog unconscious and unresponsive. Before you call your veterinarian, take these two life-saving steps:
How to perform Dog CPR
How to perform Dog CPR
* Check to see if your dog is breathing, by looking for the rise and fall of his chest. If he’s not, go immediately to "Artificial Respiration" below.
* Check to see if your dog’s heart is beating. Feel just behind his left elbow for the beat. If you can’t feel one, press your fingers into his femoral artery to feel for a pulse. If you still can’t feel one, go immediately to "Chest Compression" If his heart has stopped, he’s likely not breathing, has dilated pupils, and pale gray gums.
* If your dog’s breathing and heartbeat have stopped, he may need a combination of artificial respiration and chest compression, known as CPR. Once you’ve completed your resuscitation efforts, immediately call your veterinarian. Then check the area for signs of an obvious cause of your dog’s problem.

Artificial respiration:

Step 1: Place your dog on his side. With both hands, firmly grasp his muzzle, compressing his lips and mouth to create an airtight "seal".
Step 2: Pull your dog’s head and neck toward you, away from his body, to open his airways. Then form a seal with your lips over his nostrils and blow gently for several seconds, watching for his chest to rise. (If his chest doesn’t rise, you may not have extended his head and neck far enough, may not be blowing forcefully enough, may need to adjust your hands to better seal your dog’s lips, or he may have an obstruction. If, despite your efforts you can’t inflate your dog’s lungs, call your veterinarian.

CPR SAVVY
* If your dog’s lack of breathing and/or heartbeat is due to electrocution from biting a plugged-in cord, DO NOT TOUCH THE DOG until you unplug the cord. Otherwise, you could be electrocuted. If you can’t unplug it, remove the necessary fuse. If you can’t do that, use ropes or a wooden pole (nothing metallic) to move the dog away from the power source before attempting any resuscitation.
* If your dog is a drowning victim, remove as much water as possible from him before attempting CPR. If he’s a small dog, suspend him by his hind legs for 15 to 20 seconds. If he’s too large to lift completely off the ground, raise his hind end such that his head tips down, to facilitate drainage.
* If your dog has vomited, clear his airways using your fingers, and/or by tipping his head down, to help reduce the risk of choking. Maintain a downward head tilt in the event he should vomit again, to help prevent aspiration into his lungs.

Step 3: Cease your blowing efforts and listen for your dog to expel the air. Repeat every 5 seconds for 1 minute, then recheck your dog’s breathing. Continue until he begins to breathe or until his heart stops beating. (Once he begins to breathe, call your veterinarian.) If he fails to breathe and his heart quits beating, proceed to "Chest Compression".

Chest compression:

Step 1: Complete Steps 1 to 3 of  "Artificial Respiration".
Step 2: If your dog’s heart is still not beating, place him on his side on a hard, flat surface. (It doesn’t matter which side; you’ll be compressing both sides of his chest.) Stand or kneel facing his belly. lace the palm of one hand just behind his elbow, as shown. Place your other hand on the opposite side of your dog’s chest. Rapidly and firmly compress his chest between the palms of your hands 6 times, immediately releasing after the compression. (Adjust the amount of pressure you use according to your dog’s size. For a small dog, use flat-fingered pressure; for a medium-sized dog, keep your fingers extended and closed as you push, and for a large dog, extend and open your fingers, to 
maximize your compression.)
How to perform Dog CPR
How to perform Dog CPR
Step 3: Wait 5 seconds for the chest to expand, then repeat Steps 2 and 3 until the heart beats on its own, or no heartbeat is felt for 5 to 10 minutes.

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