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Types Of Horse

List of horse breeds

A breed is a distinct genetic entity. If one member of a breed mates with another, all their offspring will be similar to them in appearance. Humans have helped to fix horse breeds by mating selected animals and crossing their descendants to reinforce the horses’ best features.

Today, recognized members of a breed are entered in an official stud book. Horses that are not any specific breed may be described as a certain type. Types have a set of physical characteristics that happen to help them perform specific functions. Horses of the same type do not breed true when they are mated to each other, which means that their offspring will not necessarily have all the same characteristics.

List of horse breeds:

Quarter horse:

This is claimed to be the most popular horse in the world. It was bred to sprint over a distance of a quarter-mile, and so has heavy, muscular quarters. It grows up to 14.3—16 hh (150—163 cm) high. Famous for working with cattle, the quarter horse can turn tightly. It has short cannons and its fetlocks slope at 45°. The head is carried extended rather than flexed.

Show pony:

A miscellany of breeds can be mixed together to produce the show pony. Most often the mixture contains Thoroughbred blood and pony breeds. Some ponies have more Thoroughbred in them than others and are used primarily for showing rather than for casual riding. By definition, a pony is under 14.2 hh (147 cm); in competitions, they are grouped in classes according to height for example, 12.2 hh (127 cm) and under.


A small horse of about 15 hh (152 cm), the cob was used originally by farmers because it was strong enough to carry them around the farm all day and had a steady temperament. The cob’s ancestors include heavy draft horses, giving it strength and stamina, and Thoroughbreds, providing some speed and good looks.


This is the racehorse par excellence and is actually a breed, not a type. It is said to descend from three Arab stallions brought to Great Britain in the 17th century. A great deal of effort and money has been put into its breeding, and it now breeds more true to type than most breeds. It is about 15.2 hh (157 cm).


The term warmblood is used for horse breeds that are now specifically bred for modern competition such as dressage and show jumping. To be listed as a warmblood in a stud book, a horse must undergo physical evaluation and even performance testing. Warmblood breeds include the Dutch
Warmblood, the Danish Warmblood (shown left), the Selle Français, and the Hanovarian.